Tuesday, June 16, 2020
A novel but surprisingly effective approach to taking the SAT One of the most difficult parts of standardized tests like the SAT or ACT is the reading comprehensions section, in which you are compelled to answer tedious questions about dismally boring passages, or worse, oversimplified questions about passages which might otherwise be interesting. They key to getting through this section without either falling asleep or getting angry? A practiced indifference. Today's lesson is this: You are forbidden to care about Reading Comprehension passages That may seem like a very strange thing for a tutor to say. And it's true, IÃ¢â¬â¢m being a bit facetious. Obviously, you need to care about how well you score on the critical reading sections of the SAT, GRE, PSAT, et cetera. But one of the most important tips IÃ¢â¬â¢ve found for my students in New York to keep in mind has been to completely disengage from the content of the reading passages, both long and short. These standardized test reading passages are filled with little traps and interesting facts designed to slow you down, and maximizing your score will always involve employing an analytic rather than a personal lens for reading. Of course, the danger here is disengaging too much, but try keeping the following mental cues in mind for getting your preparation off on the right foot. Like Pierre, say Ã¢â¬Å"I don't care!Ã¢â¬ This is one of the hardest things for my students to internalize, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s always the first step toward doing well on the critical reading sections of the SAT. With the wide range of reading selections that the test makers cull from scientific journals, newspapers, and literary reviews, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s bound to be reading that makes you stop and think: Ã¢â¬Å"Huh, this looks interesting.Ã¢â¬ But believe me when I say that displaying a genuine level of interest in these articles will only do you harm Ã¢â¬â personal engagement with the text will slow you down and put you into the wrong frame of mind for answering their questions. My advice is always to read the brief explanatory blurb at the start and tell yourself: Ã¢â¬Å"I do not care. I do not care. I do not care.Ã¢â¬ before diving in. Be a machine Your priority with these reading passages should be to mine them as quickly and as efficiently as possible for the right answers, and this usually involves two things: facts and tone. Without going too much into the strategy for critical reading right here, I always tell my students to follow along with a pencil as theyÃ¢â¬â¢re reading so that they can underline the facts that seem important and circle the clues to authorÃ¢â¬â¢s tone. You can make these passage based reading selections work for you, and one of the keys is in developing your own shorthand, note-taking, and underlining strategies to move through them without getting bogged down. NEVER let your opinions matter The College Board just doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care! Remember, the SAT tests neither opinions nor knowledgeÃ¢â¬âonly reading comprehension. It can be so easy to say Ã¢â¬Å"Well, this choice seems reasonableÃ¢â¬ or maybe if the passage is historical and it relates to the period you just finished up in AP US History you might say Ã¢â¬Å"Well, I remember from class that this actually happenedÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Just stop. Your answers are in the passage, and if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve effectively mapped it with your own shorthand, this is all youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need. Of course, this takes practice, but the first step is always to seal yourself off from outside experience. Of course, this isnÃ¢â¬â¢t all there is to acing critical reading sections on the SAT, GRE, and ACT Ã¢â¬â but itÃ¢â¬â¢s a good start to getting your head in the game. Start your practicing early, and if youÃ¢â¬â¢re in need of coach, our tutors are always available in New York, Boston, and online! ;
Monday, May 18, 2020
TITLE: Perception Of Sexuality And Identity With A Special Focus On Transgender And Transsexuals INTRODUCTION: Sexuality can be primarily defined as an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"capacity for sexual feelingsÃ¢â¬ (OpenStax College, 2012. Pp. 270). On the other hand identity, in this case, gender identity is Ã¢â¬Å"a personÃ¢â¬â¢s self-conception of being either male or female based on his or her association with the feminine of masculine gender rolesÃ¢â¬ (OpenStax College, 2012. Pp. 262). People may be discriminated and be victimised based on their perceptions of sexuality and identity, especially if they fail to conform to the societal norms and expectations (Beemyn, 2012). Keywords: Male, Female, sexuality, gender, identity transgender, transsexual, attitudes LITERATURE REVIEW: Different cultures have different views and interpretations of sexuality and sexual activity. This, therefore, means that different societies have varying norms that are put in place in a bid to reinforce the social system of sexuality that is deemed as acceptable (Widmer, Treas Newcomb, 1998). Seem and Clark (2006) argues that there are specific traits that people attribute to people of a particular gender identity. In this case, the authors argue that in most cases the males are identified with character traits such as aggressiveness, unemotional, logical, rough, blunt, sloppy, direct, and active. Among others. Interestingly, the list of attributes that are ascribed to the female identity seems to be a total contrast to thoseShow MoreRelatedThe Wrong Body Essay4944 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesThe manifestation of being Ã¢â¬Å"trapped in the wrong bodyÃ¢â¬ is a well-documented component of the transgender narrative that summarizes the psychosocial stress of the experiences of many transgender people (e.g., Mason-Schrock 1996; Prosser, 1998). Ã¢â¬ËWrong bodyÃ¢â¬â¢ is employed accordingly to elucidate how an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s biological sex and body do not match his or her gender identity, a Ã¢â¬Å"personÃ¢â¬â¢s basic sense of being male, female, or of indeterminate sexÃ¢â¬ (American Psychological Association [APA], 2009Read MoreLgbt19540 Words Ã |Ã 79 PagesWhat Is LGBT? LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender and along with heterosexual they describe peoples sexual orientation or gender identity. These terms are explained in more detail here. Lesbian A lesbian woman is one who is romantically, sexually and/or emotionally attracted to women. Many lesbians prefer to be called lesbian rather than gay. Gay A gay man is one who is romantically, sexually and/or emotionally attracted to men. The word gay can be used to refer generallyRead MoreAppearance Discrimination in Employment22039 Words Ã |Ã 89 Pagesperceived individual level of physical attractiveness. The authors examine federal, state, and local statutes, case law interpreting said statutes, and legal and management commentary regarding appearance discrimination. The authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ scrutiny exclusively focus upon employees being negatively impacted in the workplace due to their perceived Ã¢â¬Å"unattractiveness,Ã¢â¬ rather than the Ã¢â¬Å"reverse appearance discriminationÃ¢â¬ perspective, which was alleged inÃ Lorenzana v. Citigroup IncÃ (2010)Ã by a former Citibank employee
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Mark Spitzer Mr. Sieker English 1113 15 November 2016 The Odyssey : Defying Hospitality Throughout the development of humanity, the random group of societies have been historically all-equipped to deal with challenges the state of disorganization is not conducive to advancement of society due to the chaotic nature of existence on planet earth. Humans have to impose will on a chaotic world. One way they can do this is through culturally perceived definitions of hospitality. In the Odyssey, written by Homer, Odysseus experiences various forms of hospitality. OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢s journey is so long is that he is forced to the obligation of accepting the welcoming hospitality of people he meets along his path. This helps Odysseus and Telemachus learn about being away from home by some places being welcoming, and some places being not welcome. Hospitality is a way of life in a wide variety of cultures. The ways people in certain cultures act towards their guest may differ. Great hospitality has been apart of Greek culture for a good amount of time now, as it is seen many ti mes in the epic. Characters open up their living area numerous times in the Odyssey. Main characters Odysseus and his son Telemachus were invited into many homes, where they were given anything they wanted on a silver platter until they had to depart on their journey again. And you, Eumaeus, the swineherd, then replied. These were your words: ItÃ¢â¬â¢s wrong, my friend, to send any stranger packing Ã¢â¬â even oneShow MoreRelatedFemale Characters Of Women During The Odyssey By F. Scott Fitzgerald1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestranscribed The Odyssey, women were not even allowed to participate in the theatrical performances; male actors played the female characters. Despite these conditions, female characters are very prevalent in the epic, and many of them even exert their independence outside of traditional gender norms at the time. At the same time, however, these women still exhibit a level of subservience, representative of the social constraints. Even though various women play strong, important roles in The Odyssey, theirRead MoreAnalysis Of Homer s The Odyssey1593 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIt is evident that in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s The Odyssey, the role of women consists of relegation to subservient roles. Women are considered mere objects to be taken during times of war and married off at the will of those within the community. However, Homer presents a way to remedy this inequality through the use of the motifs cunning and intellect. They are used by Clytemnestra, Penelope, and Nausicaa. These women utilize their guile and intelligence in order to transcend the patriarchy and play importantRead MoreManagement Course: MbaÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management215330 Words Ã |Ã 862 Pagesownership share as well as the opportunity to have his own show, no longer just an adjunct to sales. Gunter had been part of the original management and had expected to eventually leave for another resort job, enacting a pattern typical in the hospitality industry. But now he was an owner, not just an employee, and he had a vision of a firstclass mountain resort. The architecture of the lodge, and of most of the vacation homes, was more upcountry than ski-country. In contrast to this uniquely American
In 1514, Sultan Selim I (1512Ã¢â¬â1520) successfully expanded the Empires southern and eastern borders by defeating Shah Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty in the Battle of Chaldiran. In 1517, Selim I expanded Ottoman rule into Algeria and Egypt, and created a naval presence in the Red Sea. Subsequently, a competition started between the Ottoman and Portuguese empires to become the dominant sea power in the Indian Ocean, with numerous naval battles in the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The Portuguese presence in the Indian Ocean was perceived as a threat for the Ottoman monopoly over the ancient trading routes between East Asia and Western Europe (later collectively named the Silk Road, a term coined by Ferdinand von Richthofen in 1877. ) This important monopoly was increasingly compromised following the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias in 1488, which had a considerable impact on the Ottoman economy. Turkey 7 The Ottoman Empires power and prestige peaked in the 16th and 17th centuries, particularly during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. The empire was often at odds with the Holy Roman Empire in its steady advance towards Central Europe through the Balkans and the southern part of the Polish-Lithuanian  Commonwealth. Wikipedia:Citing sources At sea, the Ottoman Navy contended with several Holy Leagues (composed primarily of Habsburg Spain, the Republic of Genoa, the Republic of Venice, the Knights of St. John, the Papal States, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the Duchy of Savoy) for control of the Mediterranean Sea. In the east, the Ottomans were occasionally at war with Safavid Persia over conflicts stemming from erritorial disputes or religious differences between the 16th and 18th centuries.  The Selimiye Mosque in Edirne is one of the most famous architectural legacies of the Ottoman Empire. From the beginning of the 19th century onwards, the Ottoman Empire began to decline. As it gradually shrank in size, military power and wealth, many Balkan Muslims migrated to the Empires heartland in Anatolia,Wikipe dia:Verifiability along with the Circassians fleeing the Russian conquest of the Caucasus. The decline of the Ottoman Empire led to a rise in nationalist sentiment among the various subject peoples, leading to increased ethnic tensions which occasionally burst into violence, such as the Hamidian Massacres. The Ottoman Empire entered World War I on the side of the Central Powers and was ultimately defeated. During the war, an estimated 1. 5 million Armenians were deported and exterminated in the Armenian Genocide.  The Turkish government denies that there was an Armenian Genocide and claims that Armenians were only relocated from the eastern war zone. ] Large scale massacres were also committed against the empires other minority groups such as the Greeks and Assyrians.  Following the Armistice of Mudros on 30 October 1918, the victorious Allied Powers sought to partition the Ottoman state through the 1920 Treaty of Sevres.  Republic of Turkey The occupation of Constantinople and Smyrna by the Allies in the aftermath of World War I prompted the establishmen t of the Turkish national movement. ] Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, a military commander who had distinguished himself during the Battle of Gallipoli, the Turkish War of Independence was waged with the aim of revoking the terms of the Treaty of Sevres.  By 18 September 1922, the occupying armies were expelled, and the Ankara-based Turkish regime, which declared itself the legitimate government of the country in April 1920, started to formalise the legal transition from the old Ottoman into the new Republican political system. On 1 November, the newly founded parliament formally abolished the Sultanate, thus ending 623 ears of Ottoman rule. The Treaty of Lausanne of 24 July 1923 led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly formed Republic of Turkey as the Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder and first continuing state of the Ottoman Empire, and the republic was officially President of the Republic of Turkey. proclaimed on 29 October 1923 in Ankara, the countrys new capital.  The Lausanne treaty stipulated a population exchange between Greece and Turkey, whereby 1. 1 million Greeks left Turkey for Greece in exchange for 380,000 Muslims transferred from Greece to Turkey. ] Turkey Mustafa Kemal became the republics first President and subsequently introduced many radical reforms with the aim of transforming old Ottoman-Turkish state into a new secular republic.  With the Surname Law of 1934, the Turkish Parliament bestowed upon Mustafa Kemal the honorific surname Ataturk (Father of the Turks. ) Turkey remained neutral during most of World War II, but entered the war on the side of the Allies on 23 February 1945, as a ceremonial gesture. On 26 June 1945, Turkey became a charter member of the United Nations. ] Difficulties faced by Greece after the war in quelling a communist rebellion, along with demands by the Soviet Union for military bases in the Turkish Straits, prompted the United States to declare the Truman Doctrine i n 1947. The doctrine enunciated American intentions to guarantee the security of Turkey and Greece, and resulted in large-scale U. S. military and economic support.  Both countries were included in the Marshall Plan and OEEC for rebuilding European economies in 1948, and subsequently became founding members of the OECD in 1961. 8 Roosevelt, Inonu and Churchill at the Second Cairo Conference which was held between 4Ã¢â¬â6 December 1943. After participating with the United Nations forces in the Korean War, Turkey joined NATO in 1952, becoming a bulwark against Soviet expansion into the Mediterranean. Following a decade of Cypriot intercommunal violence and the coup in Cyprus on 15 July 1974 staged by the EOKA B paramilitary organization, which overthrew President Makarios and installed the pro-Enosis (union with Greece) Nikos Sampson as dictator, Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July 1974. ] Nine years later the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is recognized only by Turkey, was established.  The single-party period ended in 1945. It was followed by a tumultuous transition to multiparty democracy over the next few decades, which was interrupted by military coups detat in 1960, 1971, 1980 and 1997. Wikipedia:Citing sources In 1984, the PKK began an insurgency against the Turkish government, which ha s claimed over 40,000 lives; a peace process is currently ongoing. 30] Since the liberalisation of the Turkish economy during the 1980s, the country has enjoyed stronger economic growth and greater political stability.  Politics Turkey is a parliamentary representative democracy. Since its foundation as a republic in 1923, Turkey has developed a strong tradition of secularism.  Turkeys constitution governs the legal framework of the country. It sets out the main principles of government and establishes Turkey as a unitary centralized state. The President of the Republic is the head of state and has a largely ceremonial role. The president is elected for a five-year term by direct elections. Abdullah Gul was elected as president on 28 August 2007, by a popular parliament round of votes, succeeding Ahmet Necdet Sezer.  Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers which make up the government, while the legislative power is vested in the unicameral parliament, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, and the Constitutional Court is charged with ruling on the conformity of laws and decrees with the constitution. The Council of State is the tribunal of last resort for administrative cases, and the High Court of Appeals for all others.  Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been elected three times as Prime Minister: In 2002 (with 34% of the popular vote), in 2007 (with 47%) and in 2011 (with 49%). Turkey The prime minister is elected by the parliament through a vote of onfidence in the government and is most often the head of the party having the most seats in parliament. The current prime minister is the former mayor of Istanbul, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, whose conservative Justice and Development Party won an absolute majority of parliamentary seats in the 2002 general elections, organized in the aftermath of the economic crisis of 2001, with 34% of the suffrage.  In the 2007 general elections, the AKP received 46. 6% of the votes and could defend its majority in parliament. 34] Although the ministers do not have to be members of the parliament, ministers with parliament membership are common in Turkish politics. In 2007, a series of events regarding state secularism and the role of the judiciary in the legislature occurred. These included the controversial presidential election of Abdullah Gul, who in the past had been involved with Islamist parties; and the governments proposal to lift the headscarf ban in universities, which was annulled by the Constitutional Court, leading to a fine and a near ban of the ruling party. 36] 9 The Grand National Assembly of Turkey in Ankara during a speech of U. S. President Barack Obama on 6 April 2009. Universal suffrage for both sexes has been applied throughout Turkey since 1933, and every Turkish citizen who has turned 18 years of age has the right to vote. As of 2004, there were 50 registered political parties in the country.  The Constitutional Court can strip the public financing of political parties that it deems anti-secular or separatist, or ban their existence altogether. 37] There are 550 members of parliament who are elected for a four-year term by a party-list proportional representation system from 85 electoral districts which represent the 81 administrative provinces of Turkey (Istanbul is divided into three electoral districts, whereas Ankara and Izmir are divided into two each because of their large populations). To avoid a hung parliament and its excessive political fragmentation, only parties winning at least 10% of the votes cast in a national parliamentary election gain the right to representation in the parliament. ] Because of this threshold, in the 2007 elections only three parties formally entered the parliament (compared to two in 2002).  Human rights in Turkey have been the subject of much controversy and international condemnation. Between 1998 and 2008 the European Court of Human Rights made more than 1,600 judgements against Turkey for human rights violations, particularly the right to life and freedom from torture. Other issues such as Kurdish rights, womens rights and press freedom have also attracted controversy. Turkeys human rights record continues to be a significant obstacle to future membership of the EU. 41] According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, the Turkish government has waged one of the worlds biggest crackdowns on press freedoms. A large number of journalists have been arrested using charges of terrorism and anti-state activities such as the Ergenekon and Balyoz cases, while thousands have been investigated on charges such as denigrating Turkishness in an effort to sow self-censorship. As of 2012, CPJ identified 76 journalists in jail, including 61 directly held for their published work, more than Iran, Eritrea and China.  A former U. S. State Department spokesman, Philip J. Crowley, said that the United States had broad concerns about trends involving intimidation of journalists in Turkey.  Turkey 10 Foreign relations Turkey is a founding member of the United Nations (1945), the OECD (1961), the OIC (1969), the OSCE (1973), the ECO (1985), the BSEC (1992), the D-8 (1997) and the G-20 major economies (1999). On 17 October 2008, Turkey was elected as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.  Turkeys membership of the council effectively began on 1 January 2009.  Turkey had previously been a member of the U. N. Security Council in 1951Ã¢â¬â1952, 1954Ã¢â¬â1955 and 1961. ] In line with its traditional Western orientation, relations with Europe have always been a central part of Turkish foreign policy. Turkey became a founding member of the Council of Europe in 1949, applied for associate membership of the EEC (predecessor of the European Union) in 1959 and became an associate member in 1963. After decades of political nego tiations, Turkey applied for full membership of the EEC in 1987, became an associate member of the Western European Union in 1992, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995 and has been in formal accession negotiations with the EU since 2005. ] Since 1974, Turkey has not recognized the Republic of Cyprus, but instead supports the Turkish Cypriot community in the form of the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which was established in 1983 and is recognized only by Turkey.  The Cyprus dispute complicates Turkeys relations with both NATO and the EU, and remains a major stumbling block to Turkeys EU accession bid.  Turkey is a founding member of the OECD and the G-20 major economies. Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the EEC since 1963, and having joined the EU Customs Union in 1995. The other defining aspect of Turkeys foreign relations has been its ties with the United States. Based on the common threat posed by the Soviet Union, Turkey joined NATO in 1952, ensuring close bilateral relations with Washington throughout the Cold War. In the postÃ¢â¬âCold War environment, Turkeys geostrategic importance shifted towards its proximity to the Middle East, the Caucasus and the Balkans. In return, Turkey has benefited from the United States political, economic and diplomatic support, including in key issues such as the countrys bid to join the European Union. The independence of the Turkic states of the Soviet Union in 1991, with which Turkey shares a common cultural and linguistic heritage, allowed Turkey to extend its economic and political relations deep into Central Asia, thus enabling the completion of a multi-billion-dollar oil and natural gas pipeline from Baku in Azerbaijan to the port of Ceyhan in Turkey. The BakuÃ¢â¬âTbilisiÃ¢â¬âCeyhan pipeline forms part of Turkeys foreign policy strategy to become an energy conduit to the West. However, Turkeys border with Armenia, a state in the Caucasus, remains closed following Armenias occupation of Azerbaijani territory during the Nagorno-Karabakh War.  Under the AK Party government, Turkeys influence has grown in the Middle East based on the strategic depth doctrine, also called Neo-Ottomanism.  Turkey 11 Military Troops of the Turkish Army; Type 209 submarines of the Turkish Navy; and F-16s of the Turkish Air Force. The Turkish Armed Forces consists of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. The Gendarmerie and the Coast Guard operate as parts of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in peacetime, although they are subordinated to the Army and Navy Commands respectively in wartime, during which they have both internal law enforcement and military functions.  The Chief of the General Staff is appointed by the President and is responsible to the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers is responsible to the Parliament for matters of national security and the adequate preparation of the armed forces to defend the country. However, the authority to declare war and to deploy the Turkish Armed Forces to foreign countries or to allow foreign armed forces to be stationed in Turkey rests solely with the Parliament.  The actual Commander of the Armed Forces is the Chief of the General Staff General Necdet Ozel since August 4, 2011.  Every fit male Turkish citizen otherwise not barred is required to serve in the military for a period ranging from three weeks to fifteen months, dependent on education and job location.  Turkey does not recognise conscientious objection and does not offer a civilian alternative to military service. 50] The Turkish Armed Forces is the second largest standing armed force in NATO, after the U. S. Armed Forces, with a combined strength of just over a million uniformed personnel serving in its five branches.  Since 2003, Turkey contributes military personnel to Eurocorps and takes part in the EU Battlegroups.  Turkey is one of five NATO member states which are part of the nuclear sharing policy of the alliance, together with Belgium, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands.  A total of 90 B61 nuclear bombs are hosted at the Incirlik Air Base, 40 of which are allocated for use by the Turkish Air Force in case of a nuclear conflict, ut their use requires the approval of NATO.  In 1998, Turkey announced a modernisation program worth US$160 billion over a twenty-year period in various projects including tanks, fighter jets, helicopters, submarines, warships and assault rifles.  Turkey is a Level 3 contributor to the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program.  Turkey has maintained forces in international missions under the United Nations and NATO since 1950, including peacekeeping missions in Somalia and former Yugoslavia, and support to coalition forces in the First Gulf War. Turkey maintains 36,000 troops in Northern Cyprus; their presence is supported and approved by the de facto local government, but the Republic of Cyprus and the international community regard it as an illegal occupation force, and Turkey its presence has also been denounced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.  Turkey has had troops deployed in Afghanistan as part of the United States stabilisation force and the UN-authorized, NATO-commanded International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) since 2001. 51] In 2006, the Turkish parliament deployed a peacekeeping force of Navy patrol vessels and around 700 ground troops as part of an expanded United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in the wake of the Israeli-Lebanon conflict.  12 Administrative divisions The capital city of Turkey is Ankara. The territory of Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces for administrative purposes. The provinces are organized into 7 regions for census purposes; however, they do not represent an administrative structure. Each province is divided into districts, for a total of 923 districts. Provinces usually bear the same name as their provincial capitals, also called the central district; exceptions to this custom are the provinces of Hatay (capital: Antakya), Kocaeli (capital: Izmit) and Sakarya (capital: Adapazar? ). Provinces with the largest populations are Istanbul (13 million), Ankara (5 million), Izmir (4 million), Bursa (3 million) and Adana (2 million). The biggest city and the pre-Republican capital Istanbul is the financial, economic and cultural heart of the country.  An estimated 75. 5% of Turkeys population live in urban centers. 58] In all, 19 provinces have populations that exceed 1 million inhabitants, and 20 provinces have populations between 1 million and 500,000 inhabitants. Only two provinces have populations less than 100,000. Turkey 13 Geography Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country. Asian Turkey (made up largely of Anatolia), which includes 97% of the country, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, an d the Dardanelles (which together form a water link between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean). European Turkey (eastern Thrace or Rumelia in the Balkan peninsula) comprises 3% of the country. 59] Topographic map of Turkey The territory of Turkey is more than 1,600 kilometres (1,000Ã mi) long and 800Ã km (500Ã mi) wide, with a roughly rectangular shape.  It lies between latitudes 35Ã ° and 43Ã ° N, and longitudes 25Ã ° and 45Ã ° E. Turkeys area, including lakes, occupies 783,562 square kilometres (300,948 sq mi), of which 755,688 square kilometres (291,773 sq mi) are in Southwest Asia and 23,764 square Panoramic view of the Fairy Chimneys in Cappadocia kilometres (9,174 sq mi) in Europe.  Turkey is the worlds 37th-largest country in terms of area. The country is encircled by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean to the south. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara in the northwest.  Mount Ararat (Agr? Dag? ) is the highest peak in Turkey with 5,137 m (16,854 ft) The European section of Turkey, East Thrace, forms the borders of Turkey with Greece and Bulgaria. The Asian part of the country, Anatolia, consists of a high central plateau with narrow coastal plains, between the Koroglu and Pontic mountain ranges to the north and the Taurus Mountains to the south. Eastern Turkey has a more mountainous landscape and is home to the sources of rivers such as the Euphrates, Tigris and Aras, and contains Mount Ararat, Turkeys highest point at 5,137 metres (16,854Ã ft), and Lake Van, the largest lake in the country. Turkey is divided into seven census regions: Marmara, Aegean, Black Sea, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia, Southeastern Anatolia and the Mediterranean. The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkeys total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward.  Turkeys varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. The Bosphorus and the Dardanelles owe their existence to the fault lines running through Turkey that led to the creation of the Black Sea. There is an earthquake fault line across the north of the country from west to east, which caused a major earthquake in 1999. 62] Turkey 14 Climate The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Black Sea have a temperate Oceanic climate with warm, wet summers and cool to cold, wet winters. The Turkish Black Sea coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation an d is the only region of Turkey that receives high precipitation throughout the year. The eastern part of that coast averages 2,500 millimetres annually which is the highest precipitation in the country. Oludeniz on the Turquoise Coast, which is famous for its Blue Cruise voyages. The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Sea of Marmara (including Istanbul), which connects the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea, have a transitional climate between a temperate Mediterranean climate and a temperate Oceanic climate with warm to hot, moderately dry summers and cool to cold, wet winters. Snow does occur on the coastal areas of the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea almost every winter, but it usually lies no more than a few days. Snow on the other hand is rare in the coastal areas of the Aegean Sea and very rare in the coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Conditions can be much harsher in the more arid interior. Mountains close to the coast prevent Mediterranean influences from extending inland, giving the central Anatolian plateau of the interior of Turkey a continental climate with sharply contrasting seasons. Winters on the eastern part of the plateau are especially severe. Temperatures of ? 30 Ã °C to ? 40 Ã °C (? 22Ã Ã °F to ? 40 Ã °F) can occur in eastern Anatolia, and snow may lie on the ground at least 120 days of the year. In the west, winter temperatures average below 1 Ã °C (34 Ã °F). Summers are hot and dry, with temperatures generally above 30 Ã °C (86 Ã °F) in the day. Annual precipitation averages about 400 millimetres (15Ã in), with actual amounts determined by elevation. The driest regions are the Konya plain and the Malatya plain, where annual rainfall frequently is less than 300 millimetres (12Ã in). May is generally the wettest month, whereas July and August are the driest.  Winter in Lake Uzungol Economy Turkey has the worlds 16th largest GDP-PPP and 17th largest nominal GDP.  The country is among the founding members of the OECD and the G-20 major economies. During the first six decades of the republic, between 1923 and 1983, Turkey has mostly adhered to a quasi-statist approach with strict government planning of the budget and government-imposed limitations over private sector participation, Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey, constituting the countrys economic heart. The towers of Sisli are on the left, while those of Levent business district are on the right. Turkey foreign trade, flow of foreign currency, and foreign direct investment. However, in 1983 Prime Minister Turgut Ozal initiated a series of reforms designed to shift the economy from a statist, insulated system to a more private-sector, market-based model. ] The reforms, combined with unprecedented amounts of foreign loans, spurred rapid economic growth; but this growth was punctuated by sharp recessions and financial crises in 1994, 1999 (following the earthquake of that year), and 2001; resulting in an average of 4% GDP growth per annum between 1981 and 2003.  Lack of additional fiscal reforms, combined with large and growing public sector deficits and widespread corruption, resulted in high inflation, a weak banking sector and increased macroeconomic volatility. 67] Since the economic crisi s of 2001 and the reforms initiated by the finance minister of the time, Kemal Dervis, inflation has fallen to single-digit numbers, investor confidence and foreign investment have soared, and unemployment has fallen. Turkey has gradually opened up its markets through economic reforms by reducing government controls on foreign trade and investment and the privatisation of publicly owned industries, and the liberalisation of many sectors to private and foreign participation has continued amid political debate. ] The public debt to GDP ratio, while well below its levels during the recession of 2001, reached 46% in 2010 Q3. The real GDP growth rate from 2002 to 2007 averaged 6. 8% annually, which made Turkey one of the fastest growing economies in the world during that period. However, growth slowed to 1% in 2008, and in 2009 the Turkish economy was affected by the global financial crisis, with a recession of 5%. The economy was estimated to have returned to 8% growth in 2010.  1 5 Turkish Airlines is the flag carrier airline of Turkey since 1933. It was selected by Skytrax as  Europes best airline in 2012. In the early years of this century the chronically high inflation was brought under control and this led to the launch of a new currency, the Turkish new lira, on 1 January 2005, to cement the acquisition of the economic reforms and erase the vestiges of an unstable economy.  On 1 January 2009, the new Turkish lira was renamed once again as the Turkish lira, with the introduction of new banknotes and coins. As a result of continuing economic reforms, inflation dropped to 8% in 2005, and the unemployment rate to 10%. ] Tourism in Turkey has experienced rapid growth in the last twenty years, and constitutes an important part of the economy. In 2011, 33. 3 million foreign visitors arrived in Turkey, making the country worlds sixth most-popular tourism destination; they contributed $23 billion to Turkeys revenues.  Other key sectors of the Turkish economy are banking, construction, home appliances, electronics, text iles, oil refining, petrochemical products, food, mining, iron and steel, machine industry and automotive.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
How to Research Different Wikipedia Essay TopicsWhen creating an essay or research paper, you have to make sure that the Wikipedia essay topics you choose are supported by reliable sources. If you choose an essay topic which is not supported by reliable sources, you could be putting your own reputation at risk and consequently damaging your chances of receiving a good grade.First, you should find out which topics in Wikipedia are supported by reliable sources and then find out how to get more information on each of these topics so that you can add more information and context to your essay topic. If you do not know what Wikipedia essay topics are, it may be best to avoid these topics and keep to more popular topics.First, find out which topics in Wikipedia are more popular. You can use the 'article' button, which takes you to a page where you can see all the articles listed in chronological order, alphabetically, by topic. By clicking on the topic you will see several topics related to the topic you are researching, as well as some other topics that may be a little more unique than the more popular topics.Another good research method is by using a search engine to find information on Wikipedia essay topics. You will find out about topics using various keywords, such as 'Wikipedia essay topics,' 'wikipedia essay,' or 'Wikipedia essay topics.' A popular topic can be a relatively new topic, which means that there may be very little information available on it, or perhaps there is no information available at all. Regardless, of how popular a topic is, if there is no information available, it will not appear in search results.In addition, search engines will try to return as many topics as possible, since it is important to them to offer as many possible choices as possible for a given search term. Therefore, you may find a great article by itself, or you may find several articles supporting each other.Of course, you may choose to do some research on the topic of Wi kipedia essay topics yourself, by checking out the Wikipedia entry on the topic. It is always important to note that you should never use the Wikipedia essay topics and sources in a college paper or exam.As previously mentioned, there are many sources available on Wikipedia essay topics, which you can use to expand on your research. If you do not have enough information to go on in an essay, but still want to know more about the topic, then you can look for additional information on Wikipedia essay topics.You can find source links that can help you to get additional information from the subject and to research the topic further. However, if you do not have the time to spend researching these sources yourself, you can always take advantage of Wikipedia essay topics as you would with any other research topic. That is, you can research on the topic by using these sources.
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
The Good, the Bad and Analyze Essay Samples Analyze Essay Samples at a Glance To compose a rhetorical analysis essay, you should understand the topic and the work that you're looking at. Furthermore, a job will always have a cheque at the close of the month. If you would like to write college essays easily, you should definitely know how to compose an analysis essay, since it's the foundation for completing all types of different assignments. An awful essay, in summary, does not obey the rules set for essay writing. Finish your introduction with a thesis statement, which ought to contain the most important purpose of the entire essay. The introduction must allow the reader to acquire hooked to your topic. It is an important part of any essay. Downloading an analytical essay example isn't a fraud, which means you don't need to worry that you're cheating. To begin with, you should begin with getting acquainted with an analytical essay definition. Moreover you could also take a look at our essay outline templates which could help you structure your essays. Moreover, it is possible to also take a look at our Essay Outline Templates, which will be able to help you structure your essays. Thus, you will complete everything with an amazing amount of precision. Even for those who have a rush to writing, you have to practice on a normal basis to improve skills. There are special words and word combination utilized for analytical purposes which ought to be learned too. Our crew of professional writers develop and compose various parts of content on various subjects and of distinct lengths based on needing the customer. Quality over quantity goes a very long way here. It's interesting that lots of students write introductio n after they've written the whole paper. Students receive a chance to observe how to compose various research papers. One of the most usual varieties of analysis that college and higher school students perform. If You Read Nothing Else Today, Read This Report on Analyze Essay Samples Given an essay is a lengthy bit of writing condensing into a 5 page structure is a powerful means to ensure it is comprehensive. The point of your introduction is to have the reader interested in your analysis. The introduction is just one of the most crucial components of an essay as it provides the reader with the very first impression of your work. It usually starts out with some sort of background information. For those readers, it's important to reveal the rhetorical facets of this issue and analyze them from various angles. Follow the advice above and you're going to progress in essay writing within a brief time period. You share plenty of emotions and impressions with friends and family daily. Asking for skilled aid of a dependable business, you can get to learn how experienced writers express their thoughts. Paying a reasonable price for the top-level essay, you will be able to have a very good sample for additional use. To have a last price of your purchase, you must fill out the exceptional form and offer necessary information within it. Our offer is pretty exceptional. The absolute most important guarantee we offer is that in the event that you are dissatisfied with your completed order, and in case you can show us where it does not fulfill the requirements which you stated clearly when you placed the order, we'll redo the paper at no cost. Our dependable assignment writing website has the capability to resolve nearly all issues related to your academic tasks. In case you disagree to any of the points, please don't continue with our Services and leave the webpage altogether. The service of viewing our institution's website has no charge so long as the info found on it's used for information-purpose only. Our site has become the most advantageous spot for an absolutely free essay download. The Analyze Essay Samples Game You've got to present arguments in support of a particular opinion. The primary goal of the body paragraphs is to fully show the thesis statement. In as much as you don't agree with them, you need to get their point of argument clearly in order to make an educated decision. Regardless of the character you decide to analyze, don't forget to come up with a vital focus for your analysis and utilize evidence from the text to help support your conclusions.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Top Advice on Argumentative Essay Topics Depression The conclusion portion of the essay is the most crucial. Becoming in a position to compose a strong argument will allow you to succeed in society. Whether it's a quote from a renowned personality, or simply one that reflects your existing frame of mind, have a pick from the compilation given below. If an individual seems somewhat different to us, we might become suspicious or even hostile. A specialist marriage counselor may indicate that counseling is required and necessary for practically any strain in a relationship that has gone unresolved. Sure, you would like to save your marriage. When you opt for marriage counseling, you are going to be in a position to ask an impartial observer to inform you where you ought to focus your attention so as to create a wholesome relationship. Marriage counseling is likely needed when you're unable to attain an agreement concerning whatever relationship problems you're having. Before you really do contemplate filing for divorce it's well worth taking a good look at your relationship. Therefore, a whole lot of your communication style is really a matter of habit. Extramarital affairs are a part of the equation. Plus you also need to be ready to make changes (both of you) that are likely to work at enabling you to both save your marriage. Only a small number of the students know about the writing style. Odds are, you'll find that you act the same manner with various individuals. There's nothing stopping you. Alcohol or drugs play a part in the relationship issue. If you've tried to work out your problems without professional aid and aren't succeeding in reaching a resolution then you might want to think about seeking skilled help. If you decide to write on such topics as these, you should provide good info to strengthen your point of view on the subject, and be ready for any argument you may receive from the opposing side. You may have to research even the topics that are entirely opposite to your chosen problem. You should name the benefits of supporting your particular candidate. You might even wish to undergo some sort of therapy before you really get married. Students should compose persuasive speech as a portion of their assignments. To write a strong argumentative essay, they should begin by familiarizing themselves with some of the common, and often conflicting, positions on the research topic so that they can write an informed paper. So, they should be able to choose an easy topic so as to be able to write quality work. Most students aren't able to reference the persuasive speech utilizing the right referencing style. You can input ideas into your essay, but be certain they are in direct connection to the facts that you've already offered in the essay. Argumentative writings is a particular kind of a paper. Discoveries about the subject. For those who haven't memorized your social security number (SSN) by this time, you will within the very first couple of days of in-processing. There's no universal gay experience. For example, writers who have less one year experience may not have the ability to provide persuasive speech. On the flip side, writers who have over five years experience are ready to pick the ideal topic and develop it based on the demands of the customer.